What exactly is Neuroscience?

Traditionally seen as a branch of biology, today the field of Neuroscience is now a multiple-disciplinary and scientific approach to the study of the nervous system and the brain.

Neuroscience focuses on our physical, mental and emotional health and wellbeing. The connection between predictive behaviour and the psychological safety of employees lies at the core of Cernova’s service offering. 

Neuroscience is often misrepresented as relating to ‘brain functioning’ whereas it more accurately refers to that which is related to ‘nerves or the nervous system’

The four important branches of Neuroscience that the Cernova technology addresses are:

  • Applied Neuroscience
  • Neurocardiology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioural Neuroscience

Applied Neuroscience encompasses the fields of Neurocardiology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Behavioural Neuroscience and the Neuroscience of Consciousness.  All applied neuroscience is based on research findings around the functioning of the Nervous System and its impact on the brain.

Neuroscience suggests that physical, mental and emotional wellness cannot be separated and that all three elements impact on resilience levels – that is the ability to return to a state of calmness and mental/emotional control, whatever the setback.

Neurocardiology is the relatively new science of exploring the neurological mechanisms by which the heart and brain communicate to influence information processing, perceptions, emotions and health. 

Neurocardiology seeks to understand why people experience the feeling or sensation of emotional states in and around the heart and how stress and different emotional states affect not only the brain, but the autonomic nervous system, hormonal and immune systems as well. 

While scientists have experimented with different psychological and physiological measures over the years, heart-rate variability (HRV), consistently presents as one of the most dynamic and reflective measures of neuro-cardiac health and stress.

Cognitive neuroscience is an academic field concerned with the scientific study of biological substrates underlying cognition, with a specific focus on the neural substrates of mental processes. It addresses the questions of how psychological/cognitive functions are produced by neural circuits in the brain. Cognitive neuroscience is a branch of both psychology and neuroscience which means it overlaps with related disciplines such as physiological psychology, cognitive psychology and neuropsychology.

Cognitive neuroscience relies upon theories in cognitive science coupled with evidence from neuropsychology and computational modelling.

Due to its multidisciplinary nature, cognitive neuroscientists often come from a variety of backgrounds that can include neurobiology, bioengineering, psychiatry, neurology, physics, computer science, linguistics, philosophy and mathematics.

Cognitive neuroscience can investigate the effects of damage to the brain and subsequent changes in the thought processes due to changes in neural circuitry resulting from the ensued damage. 

Behavioural neuroscience, also known as biological psychology, biopsychology, or psychobiology  is the application of the principles of biology (neurobiology) to the study of physiological, genetic and developmental mechanisms of behaviour.

The ability of the Cernova technology to directly assess the impacts of these inter-related disciplines of Neuroscience provides clients with a complete solution to supporting and enhancing their employees wellbeing and performance at work.